Salmon Safe Soapbox
Photo by Barry Kovish

The Wide World of Eco Labels

Thursday, December 19, 2002

Sierra MagazineNovember/December 2002
Every time you go shopping, it seems like there’s a new eco-label promoting anything from pesticide-free produce to salmon-friendly wine. Includes a quick roundup of some more labels you might see...

Read the article Sierra Magazine.

Food for Thought: Beyond Organic

Farming with salmon, coyotes, and wolves

by Daniel Imhoff

In recent years, the organic farming movement has mushroomed into a $4 billion-a-year industry. Large organic growers now produce multi-thousand-acre monocrops of cotton, rice, and vegetables, and the industry expects its 20 percent annual growth rate to continue for at least ten more years.

This has attracted the attention of agribusiness, which tried last year to weaken the definition of organic to include food that has been bioengineered, irradiated, or grown with sewage sludge. Now a countereffort by small growers argues for a definition that goes beyond eliminating chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

"Conserving habitat for endangered species and using water responsibly are concerns that aren't yet addressed by organic certification," says Warren Weber, whose Star Route Farm is one of California's oldest organic enterprises. These goals are explicit, however, in the Salmon Safe program of the Oregon-based Pacific Rivers Council. "Agricultural runoff is a critical polluter of salmon habitat in the Northwest," says program director Dan Kent. "We knew that changing farming practices could drastically reduce that." In the program's first year, 40 Northwest farms totaling 10,000 acres have been certified.

Salmon Safe farmers reduce runoff into spawning grounds mainly by planting cover crops like clover, beans, and rye between seasons and in fallow fields, as well as by establishing buffer strips along creeks, streams, and river banks. (Flowering cover crops also attract insects that help keep pests in check.) While most organic-certification programs recommend cover-cropping, they don't require it. On the other hand, not all Salmon Safe farms are organic; many are vineyards that use some chemicals. "We really struggled with whether a farmer had to be perfect or not," says Kent. "But no matter what we did, there was still going to be agriculture in salmon watersheds. So we tried to include a wide variety of farms in the program." Salmon Safe's goal is not to supersede organic certification, but to highlight the connection between food production and wildlife preservation.

That link was first made in 1990 by Earth Island Institute's successful Dolphin Safe Tuna certification. Earth Island subsequently launched a Turtle Safe Shrimp program, which requires shrimpers to release endangered turtles and other nontarget species unharmed.

In Montana and Idaho, the Growers' Wool Cooperative has started a Predator Friendly Wool certification program that seeks coexistence with native predators rather than their elimination. Participating ranchers protect their sheep from coyotes, mountain lions, wolves, and bears using nonlethal methods such as enclosed pastures or guard animals like llamas, dogs, and burros. The Predator Friendly Wool eco-label brings a premium to ranchers selling wool or value-added products like blankets and sheepskins.

"The coyote and wolf are part of what makes this region so special," says Becky Weed, a Predator Friendly cofounder who keeps 180 ewes on 160 acres. "If I have to kill all the native species to ranch, then I ought to quit. There are better ways to ranch, and ranching is a hell of a lot better than subdivisions."

A similar effort in Arizona and New Mexico teams cattle ranchers with Defenders of Wildlife to introduce Wolf Country Beef. Participants allow the recolonization of the nearly extinct Mexican wolf on their private lands; any losses due to predation are reimbursed by Defenders. Thus far, more than 70,000 acres of ranch land is covered by the program.

We can all cheer the success of the organic revolution, but simply eliminating chemical fertilizers and pesticides is not the last word in farming; it's just the beginning.


Daniel Imhoff writes frequently about agriculture and environmental design.

You can find information on Turtle Safe Shrimp from www.earthisland.org, (800) 859-SAVE. For Predator Friendly Wool products, call (406) 374-9858; for Salmon Safe, (503) 294-0786; for Wolf Country Beef, (520) 578-9334.

(C) 2000 Sierra Club. Reproduction of this article is not permitted without permission. Contact sierra.magazine@sierraclub.org for more information.

Share |

subway surfers I ‘d mention

subway surfers

I ‘d mention that most of us visitors are really endowed to exist in a fabulous place with very many wonderful individuals with very helpful things.

top and good

Good work friend and thanks for sharing, Beautiful and great.
jeuxnewbanat لعبة تلبيس عروس على

nice friends

Good article and good business my friend i like this information.
لعبة تلبيس دورا هي الافضل على الاطلاق المركز الاول طبعا

رائع

اعجبت بموضوعك كتيرا وشاركته مع اصدقائي في انتظار جديدة العبوا والهو معي مع لعبة تلبيس اولاد جيدة جدا

amazing

Thank you and thank you again good job my friends amazing.
jeuxnewbanat المحبوب لعبة تلبيس الاميرة فقط على

I’m happy I located this

I’m happy I located this blog! From time to time, students want to cognitive the keys of productive literary essays composing. Your first-class knowledge about this good post can become a proper basis for such people.

http://www.streetinsider.com/SI+Newswire/Wendy+Kirklands+Millionaire+Maker+Alliance+Review+-+Critical+Information+Released/11619141.html

Amazing knowledge and I like

Amazing knowledge and I like to share this kind of information with my friends and hope they like it they why I do.
hampton bay

Click Here

This was nice and impressive i really love it you are so good with your work thank you so much for sharing this positive info with us. We write the http://www.excellentacademichelp.com/ on this topic this post is very helpful and informative for everyone thank you for sharing.

Hello! I just wish to give an

Hello! I just wish to give an enormous thumbs up for the nice info you've got right here on this post. I will probably be coming back to your weblog for more soon
https://www.journalism.co.uk/press-releases/-abs-after-40-review-a-a-bre...
abs after 40

Awesome article, it was

Awesome article, it was exceptionally helpful! I simply began in this and I'm becoming more acquainted with it better! Cheers, keep doing awesome! microsoft windows 10 professional

This particular papers

This particular papers fabulous, and My spouse and i enjoy each of the perform that you have placed into this. I’m sure that you will be making a really useful place. I has been additionally pleased. Good perform! cactus set

Great info! I recently came

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have.
geniux

I ‘d mention that most of us

I ‘d mention that most of us visitors are really endowed to exist in a fabulous place with very many wonderful individuals with very helpful things.

http://www.organicsupplementsreview.com/vitapulse/

Great info! I recently came

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have.
yoga burn

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. Uber car rental/a>

Your good knowledge and

Your good knowledge and kindness in playing with all the pieces was very useful. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not encountered such a step like this
Cipto Junaedy

shiprabrock

- The hackers can now change your passwords and they can use your identity to fool other people using your account. Before clicking posts read first and see if there are comments below. If there are no comments or there are comments that states it doesn't
RFID Blocking Sleeve

Thanks for such a great post

Thanks for such a great post and the review, I am totally impressed! Keep stuff like this coming.
Virtual CEO Lifestyle

vai tro cua nuoc

I added it to my favorites blog site list and will be checking back soon. vai tro cua nuoc

I want you to thank for your

I want you to thank for your time of this wonderful read!!! I definately enjoy every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff of your blog a must read blog!
Cipto Junaedy

Always so interesting to

Always so interesting to visit your site.What a great info, thank you for sharing. this will help me so much in my learning
free pc games

Your work here on this blog

Your work here on this blog has been top notch from day 1. You've been continously providing amazing articles for us all to read and I just hope that you keep it going on in the future as well. Cheers!
biotic balance

Many thanks for the exciting

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips.
http://www.organicsupplementsreview.com/

I discovered your site ideal

I discovered your site ideal for me. It consists of wonderful and useful posts. I've read many of them and also got so much from them. In my experience, you do the truly amazing.Truly i'm impressed out of this publish
yoga burn

mothers day images

We have collected some of the best Mothers day images, Mothers day messages, Mothers day quotes, SMS, Wallpapers for sharing on whatsapp, facebook, twitter and other social media.
Mothers day whatsapp images, quotes, messages, sms, greetings, wishes for facebook status, twitter sharing

mothers day images
happy mothers day images
happy mothers day quotes
mothers day 2016 images

mothers day images

We have collected some of the best Mothers day images, Mothers day messages, Mothers day quotes, SMS, Wallpapers for sharing on whatsapp, facebook, twitter and other social media.
Mothers day whatsapp images, quotes, messages, sms, greetings, wishes for facebook status, twitter sharing

mothers day images
happy mothers day images
happy mothers day messages
happy mothers day images

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. fraud protection

I’m happy I located this

I’m happy I located this blog! From time to time, students want to cognitive the keys of productive literary essays composing. Your first-class knowledge about this good post can become a proper basis for such people.
Canada classifieds

hcg injections

it is very useful and knowledgeable. therefore, I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article hcg injections

I discovered your site ideal

I discovered your site ideal for me. It consists of wonderful and useful posts. I've read many of them and also got so much from them. In my experience, you do the truly amazing.Truly i'm impressed out of this publish
Tablet binder

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. First Mining Finance/a>

Many thanks for the exciting

Many thanks for the exciting blog posting! Simply put your blog post to my favorite blog list and will look forward for additional updates. Simply wanted to write down a word in order to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips.
ngo registration

Your work here on this blog

Your work here on this blog has been top notch from day 1. You've been continously providing amazing articles for us all to read and I just hope that you keep it going on in the future as well. Cheers!
seorango.com

kota surabaya barat

Gunung semeru memiliki sebuah danau yang penuh dengan misteri, namanya danau ranu kumbolo. Danau ini sungguh cantik dinikmati di malam hari, yaitu saat badan mulai lelah kita akan dihibur oleh taburan bintang di atas langit. Tentunya menginap di danau ranu kumbolo akan jauh lebih romantis dibandingkan dengan menginap di hotel bintang lima. Jalur pendakian danau ranu kumbolo bisa ditempuh dengan waktu 5 jam berjalan kaki dari titik start desa Ranupani. Sepanjang perjalanan untuk mencapai danau ranu kumbolo, kita akan bertemu dengan pos-pos istirahat yang berjumlah 5 buah. Dan yang penting, simpanlah sampah anda selama melakukan wisata ke danau ranu kumbolo ini agar danau yang penuh misteri ini tetap terjaga kelestariannya. Info paket wisata danau ranu kumbolo gunung semeru baca link ini.

Mobil elf short yang berkapasitas 12 seat banyak tersedia di kantor-kantor rental mobil di malang. Mobil elf short ini sangat cocok digunakan untuk perjalanan jauh dan bisa memuat banyak kapasitas yaitu hingga 12 orang dengan sopir. Mobil elf short pariwisata di malang biasanya memang disewakan di kota malang batu karena mengingat kota dingin ini banyak memiliki objek wisata terkenal. Jika anda butuh sewa mobil elf short di kota malang lihat tautan ini.

Apakah anda sedang mencari tempat penyewaan mobil elf short dan elf long di kota surabaya? Silahkan anda datang ke kantor kami yang tepat berada di jantung kota surabaya untuk memesan mobil atau anda juga bisa booking sewa mobil di surabaya secara online. Perusahaan rental mobil surabaya kami sangat terpercaya dan profesional dan sudah berdiri sejak 4 tahun yang lalu. Info armada sewa mobil di surabaya selengkapnya disini.

Anda ingin jalan-jalan di kota jogja karena ada suatu keperluan? Kami siap menyediakan transportasi yang akan menemani perjalanan anda selama berada di jogja. Sewa mobil jogja yang kami sediakan sangat murah dan dijamin anda akan puas selama perjalanan bersama kami. Rental mobil jogja ini berkantor tepat berada di jantung kota jogja. Info lengkap brosur harga rental mobil di jogja klik tautan ini.

Anda butuh sewa mobil murah di denpasar bali? Setidaknya kami datang dengan menawarkan harga sewa mobil yang termurah di kota denpasar bali. Jenis mobil yang kami sewakan di pulau bali sangat beragam, dari jenis avanza, xenia, ertiga, innova, elf short, elf long dan mobil hiace. Selain itu kami juga menyediakan sewa mobil mewah di bali. Info sewa mobil mewah apa saja di bali tersebut maka baca tautan berikut.

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. auto binary signals review

Really nice and interesting

Really nice and interesting post. I was looking for this kind of information and enjoyed reading this one.
B2B Demand Generation

To say the truth I am very

To say the truth I am very impressed by what you told. You share tons of interesting info, neat and excellent design you’ve got here. It’s certainly one of the most informative stuff on this topic I’ve ever read.
Carpet cleaning Daphne, Alabama

such an interesting article

such an interesting article here.I was searching for something like that for quite a long time and at last I have found it here.
inbox blueprint

check cashing

The thought ought to be this needs that ought to build like this at identical time: exploitation purpose that primarily specific power to produce overall tone information. At this moment take a glance at check cashing Thanks a lot a good deal of supported marvelous data and facts. Thanks for nice data.

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. new balance

Your blogs further more each

Your blogs further more each else volume is so entertaining further serviceable It appoints me befall retreat encore. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.
Gem Residences

thanks

I want to introduce you to some computer software, telephones popular today. Baixar Facebook is the largest social network in the world, you can chat, share your photos, your videos to your friends. Mobogenie and whatsapp software are the most applications which are downloaded. It is a smart application that phones are also required to have. Visit the web baixarmobogeniegratis.com to baixar mobogenie and the web baixarwhatsappgratispc.com to baixar whatsapp. Have fun!

I wanted to thank you for

I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. Aaron Kocourek