Salmon Safe Soapbox
Photo by Barry Kovish

The Wide World of Eco Labels

Thursday, December 19, 2002

Sierra MagazineNovember/December 2002
Every time you go shopping, it seems like there’s a new eco-label promoting anything from pesticide-free produce to salmon-friendly wine. Includes a quick roundup of some more labels you might see...

Read the article Sierra Magazine.

Food for Thought: Beyond Organic

Farming with salmon, coyotes, and wolves

by Daniel Imhoff

In recent years, the organic farming movement has mushroomed into a $4 billion-a-year industry. Large organic growers now produce multi-thousand-acre monocrops of cotton, rice, and vegetables, and the industry expects its 20 percent annual growth rate to continue for at least ten more years.

This has attracted the attention of agribusiness, which tried last year to weaken the definition of organic to include food that has been bioengineered, irradiated, or grown with sewage sludge. Now a countereffort by small growers argues for a definition that goes beyond eliminating chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

"Conserving habitat for endangered species and using water responsibly are concerns that aren't yet addressed by organic certification," says Warren Weber, whose Star Route Farm is one of California's oldest organic enterprises. These goals are explicit, however, in the Salmon Safe program of the Oregon-based Pacific Rivers Council. "Agricultural runoff is a critical polluter of salmon habitat in the Northwest," says program director Dan Kent. "We knew that changing farming practices could drastically reduce that." In the program's first year, 40 Northwest farms totaling 10,000 acres have been certified.

Salmon Safe farmers reduce runoff into spawning grounds mainly by planting cover crops like clover, beans, and rye between seasons and in fallow fields, as well as by establishing buffer strips along creeks, streams, and river banks. (Flowering cover crops also attract insects that help keep pests in check.) While most organic-certification programs recommend cover-cropping, they don't require it. On the other hand, not all Salmon Safe farms are organic; many are vineyards that use some chemicals. "We really struggled with whether a farmer had to be perfect or not," says Kent. "But no matter what we did, there was still going to be agriculture in salmon watersheds. So we tried to include a wide variety of farms in the program." Salmon Safe's goal is not to supersede organic certification, but to highlight the connection between food production and wildlife preservation.

That link was first made in 1990 by Earth Island Institute's successful Dolphin Safe Tuna certification. Earth Island subsequently launched a Turtle Safe Shrimp program, which requires shrimpers to release endangered turtles and other nontarget species unharmed.

In Montana and Idaho, the Growers' Wool Cooperative has started a Predator Friendly Wool certification program that seeks coexistence with native predators rather than their elimination. Participating ranchers protect their sheep from coyotes, mountain lions, wolves, and bears using nonlethal methods such as enclosed pastures or guard animals like llamas, dogs, and burros. The Predator Friendly Wool eco-label brings a premium to ranchers selling wool or value-added products like blankets and sheepskins.

"The coyote and wolf are part of what makes this region so special," says Becky Weed, a Predator Friendly cofounder who keeps 180 ewes on 160 acres. "If I have to kill all the native species to ranch, then I ought to quit. There are better ways to ranch, and ranching is a hell of a lot better than subdivisions."

A similar effort in Arizona and New Mexico teams cattle ranchers with Defenders of Wildlife to introduce Wolf Country Beef. Participants allow the recolonization of the nearly extinct Mexican wolf on their private lands; any losses due to predation are reimbursed by Defenders. Thus far, more than 70,000 acres of ranch land is covered by the program.

We can all cheer the success of the organic revolution, but simply eliminating chemical fertilizers and pesticides is not the last word in farming; it's just the beginning.


Daniel Imhoff writes frequently about agriculture and environmental design.

You can find information on Turtle Safe Shrimp from www.earthisland.org, (800) 859-SAVE. For Predator Friendly Wool products, call (406) 374-9858; for Salmon Safe, (503) 294-0786; for Wolf Country Beef, (520) 578-9334.

(C) 2000 Sierra Club. Reproduction of this article is not permitted without permission. Contact sierra.magazine@sierraclub.org for more information.

Share |

Great Movie

see too my review website about
Agen SBOBET Bola
Agen SBOBET Casino

such an interesting article

such an interesting article here.I was searching for something like that for quite a long time and at last I have found it here.
tatkal ticket

Fantastic Post

Wow what a Great Information about World Day its very nice informative post. thanks for the post.
staying healthy

I stumbled on this page when

I stumbled on this page when looking for cheap accountants in the UK and just wanted to say thank you for an interesting read.

Thanks for the nice blog.

Thanks for the nice blog. Keep sharing such ideas in the future as well. This was actually what I was looking for, and I am glad to came here! Thanks for sharing the such information with us..
Love problem specialist astrologer
Love marriage problem specialist
Solve my love problem
Get your love back
Get lost love back
World famous astrologers
Astrologer in india
Black magic specialist
Vashikaran specialist astrologer
Love vashikaran specialist

d00

تعتبر العاب طبخ الاختر شهرة وطلبا في النت فكل الفئات تحبها منها الصغار والكبار و الاولاد و البنات وهي بداتها تحتوي على عدة اصناف وبعدما اصبحت تعرف نجاحا كبيرا اصبحت منتشرة بكترة بين المواقع والكل يحاول تقديم كل ماهو جديد وممتاز فيها ونحن اليوم نقدم لكم نموذج بسيط منها صحيح ان مدونتنا لها اختصاص في تقديم وطرح العاب بنات لكن هذا لا يمنع من ان نغير قليلا وننوع حتى تصبح لدينا تشكيلة جميلة من الالعاب التي ترضي جميع الاذواق فلألعاب الطبخ عشاق ومحبين كتر ويلعوبنها يوميا وقد تساعدهم ايضا على اكتساب مهارات الطبخ في حياتهم اليومية ويمكنهم تطبيق ذلك في الواقع كما ان بعض الالعاب تشرح وتبين طريقة الطبخ و الطي واستعمال الوسائل بدقة عالية وكأنها حقيقية وتحرص ايضا على استخدام كل اداة في وقتها المحدد واصبحت منتشرة بكترة وخاصة في المواقع المشهورة متل موقع friv .....

Comfyco Furniture Inc. Great

Comfyco Furniture Inc.
Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have.

shiprabrock

wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.
the best mattress

Wow, cool post. I'd like to

Wow, cool post. I'd like to write like this too - taking time and real hard work to make a great article... but I put things off too much and never seem to get started. Thanks though. kurir tangerang

woww thanks for share great info here i really like it your site

Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. The festival, which coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness

diwali rangoli photos of diwali
pictures of diwali

lala2

wow, great, I was wondering

wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.
Comfyco Furniture Inc.

RAKESH

lala

LDJKDK

RAMESH

ZZZZZZZ

this web site.I just found

this web site.I just found this blog and have high hopes for it to continue. Keep up the great work and Happy Diwali to you all.
yoga burn discount,
text your ex back discount,
unlock her legs discount
acne no more discount

dddd

voyance gratuite

voyance gratuite immediate

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have.

lucky patcher apk

diwali 2016

I'm glad I found this web site.I just found this blog and have high hopes for it to continue. Keep up the great work and Happy Diwali to you all.
DIWALI 2016

qqqqqqqqqqq

lala2

found this web site.I just found this blog new year 2017 sms quotes

Video game customer support

This can be a decent post. This post give really quality data. I'm certainly planning to investigate it. Truly exceptionally valuable tips get here. much obliged to you to this kind of extent. Continue the acts of kindness. Video game customer support

wwwwwwwwwwwwwwww

Pardes Mein Hai Mera Dil

Diwali Fireworks

SCVDCGVC

Deepavali

Diwali shayari
Happy Diwali shayari
Image result for diwali festival information
Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. The festival, which coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness.

I think this is an

I think this is an informative post and it is very useful and knowledgeable. therefore, I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. http://www.shoesgeeks.com/best-shoes-heel-spurs/

Very efficiently written

Very efficiently written information. It will be beneficial to anybody who utilizes it, including me. Keep up the good work. For sure i will check out more posts. This site seems to get a good amount of visitors
kim kardashian

crictime

It will be beneficial to anybody who utilizes it, including me. Keep up the good work. For sure crictime and ptvsports live  kasam

showsonline and live tv channel ipl 2017 hotstar

I am genuinely thankful to

I am genuinely thankful to the holder of this web page who has shared this wonderful paragraph at at this place
حذف اکانت تلگرام

Brand Loyalty That's what

Brand Loyalty
That's what makes you the best. You should keep publishing more articles and you will Such Become One of the best writers ever

saw this post. thank you for

saw this post. thank you for this! this is very helpful.
paleohacks cookbook
big diabetes lie
alive after amerika

i never know the use of adobe

i never know the use of adobe shadow until i saw this post. thank you for this! this is very helpful. REI Blog

jelly gamat gold g

A thoughtful insight and fantastic suggestions you have on your website. You have obviously spent lots of time on this. Well done!
jelly gamat gold g

I regularly visit this site

I regularly visit this site to check out the events and functions and sometimes for resources. However, it has been a while that you have shared some news about latest or upcoming events.
ÏÇäáæÏ ÇíäÓÊǐÑÇã

I was reading your article

I was reading your article and wondered if you had considered creating an eBook on this subject. Your writing would sell it fast. best shoes for achilles tendonitis

Thanks for such a great post

Thanks for such a great post and the review, I am totally impressed! Keep stuff like this coming.
בניית אבטיפוס

Learn Photography

This is stunning! I'm passed up the type of this astounding.I've perused a great deal of articles, this really is one of the finest ones that I've perused. Carry on providing more articles this way. Learn Photography

יום הולדת פרפרים Great info!

יום הולדת פרפרים
Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have.

Gaming Translation Company

I recently found your blog and have been reading along. I thought I could leave my first comment. I don't know very well what to express except that I've enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I could keep visiting this blog very often. Gaming Translation Company

laminate wood flooring orlando, fl

which is really a immature share of the difficulties many people unrecorded with sect now, but but making improved lives for group that is direction on feat them much , getting them punter aid and making certain their kids get enlightened. laminate wood flooring orlando, fl

shiprabrock

My friend mentioned to me your blog, so I thought I’d read it for myself. Very interesting insights, will be back for more!
mrr design wheels